Please click here to read the Preliminary Outbreak Assessment (POA) on Dourine (Trypanosoma equiperdum) in Italy.
Italy has reported two outbreaks of Dourine in horses caused by infection with Trypanosoma equiperdum.
The source of infection is not known at present, but the disease is sexually transmitted and has not been reported in the EU for several years.
Equidae may be subclinical for some time, but clinical signs include paralysis, genital swelling, cutaneous plaques and emaciation.
Treatment is difficult, may result in an inapparent carrier state and there is no vaccine; the disease has a high mortality rate.
As this is an emerging situation, we consider the risk of introduction from Italy is higher than negligible and may be considered "very low" or even "low".
We recommend all owners and keepers of horses consigned for breeding purposes to be aware of the situation in Italy, the clinical signs of Dourine and the requirement to notify authorities of suspect disease.
The situation will continue to be monitored the risk level may be revised in the future.
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